Un article récent sur une fraude d'échelle industrielle concernant des Bangladais:
« Ils avaient en leur possession de vrais actes de naissance, des certificats d’appartenance à des partis politiques, des mandats d’arrêt et des condamnations à mort sur papier vierge, poursuit la même source. Il leur suffisait ensuite de les remplir au nom des clients qui se présentaient à eux. Plusieurs dizaines de faux étaient réalisées chaque jour. Ils les revendaient entre 30 € et 50 € pièce. »
Une autre affaire récente concernant cette fois des Turcs, qui étaient également fournis en faux documents:
http://www.republicain-lorrain.fr/mosel ... x-refugies
Toujours sur la France (mais en anglais), des infos sur les filières de fraudeurs arméniens:
Toujours en anglais, un article général du New York Times sur les fraudes dans la procédure d'asile aux USA:
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/12/nyreg ... wanted=all
Le FBI a enquêté sur un avocat qui dictait des récits à ses clients (l'extrait suivant est tiré d'une décision disciplinaire concernant un avocat):
Respondent's conviction of one count of conspiracy to commit immigration fraud was based on his assisting an FBI undercover officer, posing as an applicant for political asylum from Albania, to manufacture false and fraudulent facts to be submitted as part of his political asylum application. Respondent and his wife, convicted as co-conspirators, coached the undercover in creating false stories of persecution in support of the application.
Respondent, a 1989 graduate of Albany Law School, started his own practice in 2001. By 2009, 90% of his practice consisted of immigration work and many of his clients were ethnic Albanians. Respondent did not speak Albanian, but his nonlawyer wife, Remila Christo, a native of Albania who immigrated to the United States in 2001, assisted in his office by completing immigration forms and translating for non-English speaking ethnic Albanian clients. Although the undercover specifically denied suffering any persecution, respondent indicated that in order to obtain asylum the "client" must demonstrate political problems and provided examples of persecution which could be included on an application. Respondent emphasized the need to act quickly because the law was about to change. The undercover paid respondent $500. The receipt provided by respondent indicated that the undercover was required to pay an additional $1,500 to have the asylum application filed.
J'ai trouvé également ceci s'agissant des demandes macédoniennes ou (ce n'est pas très clair) kosovares (l'auteur se présente comme un ancien agent consulaire américain et il écrit sur un site américain qui est globalement considéré comme hostile aux immigrés) :
The asylum application has a narrative section in which the applicant describes why they have a well-founded fear of persecution if they return home and the narratives I read were always so similar, it almost seemed as though they were cut-and-pasted from one application to the next. The applications almost always had vague claims of threats being made due to involvement with political parties, and many also claimed that the applicant's home had been burned to the ground during the conflict. Nearly every time I read this claim, it turned out to be false."
"Many of the fraudulent claims that are made on asylum applications are fed to the applicants directly from crooked immigration attorneys or fixers. When I worked in Skopje, I once had one of my local employees call two immigration attorneys, chosen at random from an Albanian-American yellow pages book, which contained dozens of ads inducing people into claiming asylum, or azil, as it is called in Albanian. She told two of the attorneys, in Albanian, that she wanted to come live in the U.S. and asked if they could get her asylum. Without asking her any questions about the merits of her case, they both said, essentially, "no problem, just come into the office, we can get you asylum in the States if you can make it here.
L'auteur propose de demander systématiquement l'avis des services consulaires dans le pays d'origine.